C# – How to read a continuous stream of XML over HTTP

I have done this before, not with XML, but with data that needed to be parsed for state changes for an application. HttpWebResponse.GetResponseStream() method worked fine for this. Make sure to call Close() on this stream when you are done. I suggest a finally block.

HttpWebRequest req;

try
{
    req = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("http://www.example.com");
    Stream stream = req.GetResponseStream();

    byte[] data = new byte[4096];
    int read;
    while ((read = data.Read(data, 0, data.Length)) > 0)
    {
         Process(data, read);
    }
}
finally
{
    if (req != null)
        req.Close();
}

Or, alternatively:

HttpWebRequest req;

try
{
    req = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("http://www.example.com");
    Stream stream = req.GetResponseStream();

    XmlTextReader reader = new XmlTextReader(stream);

    while (reader.Read())
    {
       switch (reader.NodeType) 
        {
         case XmlNodeType.Element:
           Console.Write("<{0}>", reader.Name);
           break;
         case XmlNodeType.Text:
           Console.Write(reader.Value);
           break;
         case XmlNodeType.CDATA:
           Console.Write("<![CDATA[{0}]]>", reader.Value);
           break;
         case XmlNodeType.ProcessingInstruction:
           Console.Write("<?{0} {1}?>", reader.Name, reader.Value);
           break;
         case XmlNodeType.Comment:
           Console.Write("<!--{0}-->", reader.Value);
           break;
         case XmlNodeType.XmlDeclaration:
           Console.Write("<?xml version='1.0'?>");
           break;
         case XmlNodeType.Document:
           break;
         case XmlNodeType.DocumentType:
           Console.Write("<!DOCTYPE {0} [{1}]", reader.Name, reader.Value);
           break;
         case XmlNodeType.EntityReference:
           Console.Write(reader.Name);
           break;
         case XmlNodeType.EndElement:
           Console.Write("</{0}>", reader.Name);
           break;
       }       

    }       
}
finally
{
    if (req != null)
        req.Close();
}
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s